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機器人(Robotics) 科技如日方中 - 主修 Robotics

機器人(Robotics) 科技如日方中,學生有想過將來投身這新興行業嗎?正就讀中學的同學應撰修數學、物理、電腦及、設計暨科技 (Design & Technology) ,生物等。原因是Robtics的應用廣泛,所以是名乎其實的跨學科的新行業。致於來年準備進入大學的,美國大學是一個絕好的決定。

Applications of Robotics

機器人工程師 Robotics Engineers

“Robotics engineers are masters-of-all-trades, they know a little bit about everything important to robotics, they are the bridge between mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science and even psychology and they are on-going learners.”

現時本科機器人學位(Robotics undergraduate degree)  與 “醫學預科 (Pre-Med)” 課程有點類似,學生先要完成一個多學科課程的基礎,學生將需要精通 - 機械、電子、電機、工業或軟件工程等。即是學生可以先讀以上一科專業再上更高的Robtoics專業。

此文將介紹幾所提供機器人本科學位(Undergraduate program in Robotics) 的美國大學給同學參考。其中位於東岸Rhode Island 的Johnson & Wales University 是本中心的夥伴大學,其餘的則可經本中心的「精英計劃 | Elite Program」助你進入學。

如想進入收生極難又有極好的Robotics課程的傳統名校 (如Johns Hopkins、Carnegie Mellon、UC Berkeley、U Penn、Wash U、USC、Columbia、Georgia Tech、MIT 等) ,我們建議同學可先入讀本中心的夥伴文理大學(Liberal Arts Colleges),如位近費城的Albright College,又或是上紐約州的Alfred University;同學又可先進入學費較便宜的美國社區學院,本中心擁有遍佈全美的優良社區學院。請致電 23919713 查詢。

修讀Robotics 可由文理學院(Liberal Arts) 或美國社區學院開始

同學可先從以下的課程選讀其中一項:包括生物醫學工程,電腦科學,電子工程,信息科技,物料工程,數學,機械工程,物理和結構工程等。而有關的專業學位包括人工智能,自動化,電腦程式編寫,控制論,機電一體化和機器人軟件。 

< 抱謙以下暫祗為英文版 >

Alfredu University, Up State New York - Inamori School of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering (ME)

Mechanical Engineers (ME) are often called the general practitioners of engineering. Mechanical engineers work in a wide range of industries: automotive, aerospace, electrical, solar, and materials processing. In addition to using basic math and science tools, mechanical engineers must also be creative to solve open-ended problems.  During the first year, student will take Introduction to Engineering, Computer-Aided Design, and Mechanical Engineering Explorations lab, in addition to foundation courses in math, chemistry, and physics. Throughout their studies, students will get opportunities to design and build things as they learn about solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, and heat transfer. As a senior, they will undertake a year-long senior design project, learning how to function as an effective group member within a realistic, job-like environment. A sample of current projects includes Vex Robotics Competition (VRC), the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Mini-Baja, etc..

3 Core part of study for various routes for Robotics

3 core parts of a robot 

"The Body" - Mechanical Engineering: This branch of engineering looks at the physical systems which make up a robot. Subtopics like mechanics, materials engineering and manufacturing are core to industrial robotics. Often mechanical engineering courses will have specialization in mechatronics or robotics, but will be focused more on physical design and actuation.

"The Nervous System" - Electrical and Electronic Engineering: This branch of engineering gives a basis in electronics, embedded systems, low-level programming and control theory. Often electrical engineering courses will also provide specializations in robotics or automation, which will be centered around the control of robots rather than the mechanical design.

"The Brain" - Computer Science: A lot of people in research seem to enter robotics through computer science. This trend is likely to continue as standard robotic hardware platforms become the norm. Common platforms remove the research focus from the physical hardware and instead concentrate on software and high-level programming. Often these courses will include robotic programming topics such as Artificial Intelligence and Software Design. It is usually at this level of study where a people with a background in psychology and related fields can enter robotics with a postgraduate Masters course. Popular languages to use in Robitics include: C/C++,Python,Java,C#/.NET,MATLAB,Industrial Robot Languages (manufacturer’s proprietary robot programming language), Hardware Description Languages (HDLs) ;and the old school languages such as Assembly language, LISP,even BASIC / Pascal。)

 

The Importance of Extracurricular Fiddling

To start with, getting physical experience or fiddling with robots, electronics, programming and mechanics is essential to truly understand the theory behind it. It also allows you to find out which parts of robotics you are really most interested in.

Robot kits, like Lego Mindstorms, are a good place to start playing with robotics at home, as are embedded systems like Raspberry Pi.

One of the best ways to get hands-on experience is to enter one of the many robotics competitions, which are available for various age and education levels. Why not form a team first?

So the key thing is to supplement your knowledge with hands-on activities and keep learning!

Robotics courses available in undergraduate level

University of Michigan at Dearborn - Bachelor Robotics Engineering

With recent advances in computer hardware and software, as well as 3D printing, the field of robotics is entering a new phase where robots are smaller, faster, cheaper, and smarter. These next generation robots will have applications in a wide variety of fields, including manufacturing, medicine, education, entertainment, military applications, etc.

The interdisciplinary nature of robotics engineering will help to provide a platform for faculty from diverse backgrounds (electrical, computer, mechanical, automotive, and robotics) to collaborate on cutting-edge research projects. The need for this type of technical and multidisciplinary workforce is critical for attracting and helping to grow industries in South Eastern Michigan. Graduates will be prepared for a broad range of post-graduate experiences, including the development of start-up companies in robotics engineering, to satisfy local, state, and national demand.

Purdue University - B.Sc. Robotics Engineering Technology

This is one of three majors offered in the Purdue Polytechnic Institute for students who seek to contribute at the intersection between manufacturing, electrical, mechanical, and computing areas in primarily industrial environments.

When you major in robotics engineering technology, you will develop and apply robotic solutions to a broad range of industrial and consumer problems. The other two majors related to this area are mechatronics engineering technology and automation and systems integration engineering technology.

The Purdue Polytechnic Institute is one of 10 academic colleges at Purdue University. The Polytechnic specializes in team-based labs where you’ll test ideas, take things apart and put them back together. Students will learn side-by-side with professors who have worked in the industry and thrive on combining theory, imagination and real-world application. In this innovative environment, students will learn by doing - gaining deep technical knowledge and applied skills in their chosen discipline coupled with problem-solving, critical-thinking, communication and leadership skills employers desire.

University of Utah - B.Sc. Mechanical Engineering: Robotics and Control

Mechanical Engineers play a significant role in the design and manufacturing of all of the products and systems essential to everyday modern life--from your home appliances, bikes, recreational equipment and automobiles, to satellites, wheelchairs, airplanes, robots, industrial equipment and environmental control systems.

Mechanical Engineering (ME) is about controlling the movement of matter and energy. If it rolls, flies, flows, or produces sound, a mechanical engineer has probably had a hand in designing it. Machines designed by mechanical engineers keep us warm in winter and cool in the summer, put men on the moon (and bring them home alive), propel them at 500 miles an hour 7 miles above ground (while they sleep), allow surgeons to operate on patients through a small tube inserted in a vein, and will improve human’s life in wonderful ways in the future. Those wizardly feats didn’t spring from guess-work. They were the result of taking ideas and arranging them in new ways, then applying scientific principles to ensure the machines will work the way we want them to work.

University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC) - B.Sc. Robotics Engineering

UCSC robotics engineering graduates will have a thorough grounding in the principles and practices of robotics and control, and the scientific and mathematical principles upon which they are built; they will be prepared for further education (both formal and informal) and for productive employment in industry.

The UCSC robotics engineering program prepares graduates for rewarding careers at the interfaces between electrical, computer, and mechanical engineering.

The program objectives of the UCSC B.S. in robotics engineering are:

Graduates who choose to pursue a career in industry, government, or academia will become successful engineers, scientists, or educators who demonstrate strong leadership, technical, and team skills, and a commitment to continuing professional development.

Graduates who choose to pursue advanced degrees will gain admission to graduate programs and will be successful graduate students.

University of California, Santa Cruz - B.Sc. Network and Digital Technology: Robotics and Control

Graduates of the network and digital technology program will be prepared to contribute to engineering design teams, work.

CUNY New York City College of Technology – B Tech Mechanical Engineering Technology, Robotic Concentration

This multidisciplinary curriculum addresses both theory and hands-on experience with industry-standard tools in manufacturing systems, industrial design and robotics, providing the broad-based engineering technology education required to solve applied engineering problems through design and analysis.

The interdisciplinary nature of this degree leads to expanded job opportunities and more flexible capabilities for its graduates. It is the only program in the New York City area to integrate engineering technology with industrial design and manufacturing.

The Mechanical Engineering Technology baccalaureate program addresses local, regional and national industry needs for high level and highly skilled technologists and managers of emerging technology applications in industry. Manufacturing positions likely to survive in an age of global competition will be fundamentally different from the low-skilled jobs of the last century. To compete, manufacturers need a workforce capable of delivering high quality through the use of high technology.

Johnson & Wales University,  Providence, RI - B.Sc. Robotics Engineering

The Robotics Engineering bachelor’s degree program provides a broad based foundation in current and evolving areas of robotics, automation and mechatronics engineering. The program focuses on the dynamics of the industry in robotic and mechatronic systems and applications.

Coursework covers such industry-ready skills as maintenance and troubleshooting, robotic hardware design and software development for real-time applications. Projects involve working with voice recognition, image tracking, human interface with touch screens and animation using embedded systems.

More on a Robotics degree

Where bionic technology replicates biological processes through manmade engineering, robotics engineering takes this one step further. Robots are created to complete all kinds of tasks, from folding laundry to manning a space mission. Society’s fascination with robotics has seen interest in the study of robotics sky-rocket - alongside the growing availability of robotics degree programs.

If you’re looking to study robotics, you may be able to undertake a dedicated robotics degree – but more often, robotics is offered via a mechatronics degree, which combines study of mechanics and electronics alongside robotics so students get a rounded knowledge. Robotics and mechatronics students will be interested in researching and developing autonomous machines using techniques to design, build and control their own robotics projects.

Other study options for a career in Robotics

If a robotics or mechatronics degree is not an option, there are many other useful degree subjects for a career in robotics, including biomedical engineering, computer science, electronic engineering, information technology, materials engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, physics and structural engineering. Relevant specializations within these degrees include artificial intelligence, automation, computer programming, cybernetics, mechatronics and robotics software.

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